Multi-National Work-Family Research Project
(Project 3535)

Qualitative focus group data were collected in 9 of the 10 countries (not China) and the Ukraine. The samples consisted of employed women in all countries plus men in the US and Canada. The purpose was to see if any emic issues were being overlooked. The qualitative data also helped to supplement the quantitative data so as to give more depth to the findings.  The procedure reported below pertains only to the Canadian data set.

In Canada, 20 individuals (15 women and 5 men) participated in the focus groups. They were all members of dual earner couples with at least one child under the age of 18 living at home. On average they had 1.56 children. Their children ranged in age from 1-15 years.  The average age of the participants was 41 years. They held primarily managerial or technical occupations.  On average they worked hours 39 hours per week. Their spouses/partners were employed for an average of 44 hours per week.

Data were collected via on-line focus groups with 2-4 same sex participants in each group. A moderator posted a series of questions to a website on a daily basis. Participants were asked to sign on for ten minutes each day for a one week period at any time that was convenient to them and to respond to the moderator's questions and to comments posted by the other focus group members.   

For a discussion of the results from Canada reported thus far see Korabik and Lero (2004) and McElwain, Korabik and Lero (2007).